NADER HALİLİ, Mimar ve Yazar

NADER HALİLİ, Mimar ve YazarYoksullar için tasarım yapan mimar Nader Halili hayatını 72 yaşında kaybetti.

Tahran’da dünyaya geldi, Tahran Üniversitesi’nde İran edebiyatı ve şiiri üzerine eğitim aldıktan sonra, 1950 yılında İstanbul’da İTÜ’de mimarlık-mühendislik eğitimi aldı, Güney Kaliforniye Mimarlık Enstitüsü’nde profesör olan Khalili'nin, seramik evler ve dünya mimarlığı üzerine 5 kitabı var.

- "Racing Alone", (Yalnız Yarış)
- "Ceramic Houses and Earth Architecture: How to Build Your Own", (Seramik Evler ve Dünya Mimarlığı: Evinizi nasıl İnşaa Edersiniz)
- "Earth and Fire" (Seramik Evleri İnşaa etme Sistemi)
- "Sidewalks on the Moon" (Ayda Kaldırımlar)
- "Rumi, Fountain of Fire" (Rumi, Ateşin Pınarı); Mevlananın 75 şiirinin çeviri.
- "Rumi, Dancing the Flame" (Rumi, Alev Dansı) 300 Rubai çevirisi.

Nader Khalili, California architect/author is the world renowned Iranian-American Earth Architecture teacher and innovator of the Geltaftan Earth-and-Fire System known as Ceramic Houses, and of the Superblock construction system. Khalili received his philosophy and architectural education in Iran, Turkey, and the United States. He has been a licensed architect in the State of California since 1970, and has practiced both in the U.S. and abroad. Since 1975 he has been involved with Earth Architecture and Third World Development, and is a U.N. (UNIDO) consultant for Earth Architecture, the Ceramic Houses and SuperBlock Technologies. In 1984 the award for "Excellence in Technology" went to him for the innovation of the Ceramic Houses system, from the California Council of the American Institute of Architects (CCAIA), and in 1987 Khalili's project "Housing for the Homeless: Research and Education" received a Certificate of Special Recognition from the U.N. International Year of Shelter for the Homeless and U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Since 1984, Lunar and Space habitation have become an integral part of his work; his "Magma Structures" design, based on the Geltaftan (Ceramic Houses) System, and "Velcro-Adobe" system (later to become the Superblock / sandbag and barbed wire system) were presented at the 1984 NASA symposium, "Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century". He was subsequently invited to Los Alamos National Laboratory as a visiting scientist. He has presented papers and has been published since 1984 in several symposiums and publications including those of NASA, and the "Journal of Aerospace Engineering" for which he was awarded by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Khalili was a member of the team of the "Lunar Resources Processing Project," along with the Princeton -based Space Studies Institute, McDonnell Douglas Space Systems, and Alcoa.

Since 1982 Khalili has been directing the Architectural Research Program at SCI-Arc, California. He is the director and founder of the Geltaftan Foundation, and the California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture (Cal-Earth) since 1986. Current projects include the Sustainable Desert Village and Hesperia Museum & Nature Center, the Rodeo/Arena for the Mojave Desert city of Hesperia, erosion stabilization of Hesperia Lake, a FEMA related project. At Cal-Earth he continues building and testing prototypes in Earth Architecture for inclusion in the Uniform Building Code. Recent work has been funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Katharine Tremaine Foundation, the Rex Foundation, the Leventis Foundation, Our Ultimate Investment Foundation, the Turner Foundation, and the Flora Family Foundation.

His five books were written while evolving these techniques and his philosophy of architecture. "Racing Alone", and "Ceramic Houses and Earth Architecture: How to Build Your Own", while developing the Geltaftan "Earth and Fire" system for building ceramic houses; "Sidewalks on the Moon", while designing for the moon, a journey through tradition and technology; and "Rumi, Fountain of Fire", translations of 75 poems from the Persian language mystic poet, Rumi whose wisdom concerning humanity and the elements of Earth, Water, Air and Fire are the inspiration behind his work; and "Rumi, Dancing the Flame", 300 Rubayiat short poems of Rumi.

NADER HALİLİ, Mimar ve YazarKhalili's "Works and Words" have been widely exhibited and published in the US and internationally including the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and the Institute of American Indian Arts Museum in Santa Fe, New Mexico; and broadcast on national and statewide TV channels such as the BBC World Service and Voice of America. Over 100 hands-on workshops and lectures have been conducted in the U.S. and abroad, from Princeton University/ Princeton New Jersey, International Space University/MIT Boston Mass., to inmates of Chino and other prisons, from NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) / Washington D.C., Los Alamos National Laboratory/ New Mexico, to many Native American Reservations, the Eight Northern Pueblos/ San Juan New Mexico, and from children in South Central Los Angeles hospitals to the Universities of California, national and international universities.

Khalili's architectural works also include: the design of a future-oriented community for 5,000 inhabitants for Future City/Villages, Intl. in New Cuyama, California in 1988 (prototype structures were built on-site, and pre-fabricated vault modules were built, fired and glazed at a brick factory); Malekshahr of Isfahan, a community for 20,000, which was designed and partially constructed by 1979; the Middle East headquarters of Dupont/ Polyacryl was designed and supervised, completed in 1978; over 100 projects of conventional buildings ranging from high-rise to single residence.

Geltaftan Foundation/ Cal-Earth: 10376 Shangri La Avenue, Hesperia CA 92345.
Tel: (760) 244-0614 Fax: (760) 244-2201
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Princeton University / Princeton, New Jersey
Space Studies Institute / Princeton, New Jersey
International Space University / MIT, Boston, Mass.
Carnegie Mellon Institute/ Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico
National Aeronautics and Space Administration/ W D.C.
Ohio State University / Columbus, Ohio
California Art Education Assoc. Conf. / San Diego, Calif.
Ball State University / Muncie, Indiana
Rensslaer Polytechnic Institute / Troy, New York
Catholic University of America / Washington, D.C.
North Dakota State University / Fargo, North Dakota
University of Wisconsin / Milwaukee, Wisconsin
University of Arizona / Tucson, Arizona
Pitzer College / Claremont, California
Claremont Graduate School / Claremont, California
California Polytechnic Institute / San Luis Obispo
California Polytechnic Institute / Pomona
University of California / Riverside
University of California / Santa Barbara
University of California / Los Angeles
Southern California Institute of Architecture
Southern California Ceramic Association
Ojai Foundation / Ojai, California
Institute of American Indian Arts / Santa Fe, New Mexico
Eight Northern Pueblos / San Juan, New Mexico
College of Santa Fe / Santa Fe, New Mexico
Rough Rock, Navajo Reservation / Arizona
Tsaili Community College / Navajo Reservation, Arizona
Lindisfarne Institute / Creston, Colorado
University of Baja / Mexico
San Jose / Costa Rica
University of Cairo / Egypt
University of Tehran
United Nations (regional conference) Tehran / Iran
Eos Institute / Laguna, California
American Institute of Architects / Los Angeles
American Institute of Architects / Inland Empire
Arcosanti / Arizona

Channel 28, Los Angeles, Public Broadcasting System
Channel 28, Los Angeles, "FUTURE" PBS
Channel 2, Los Angeles, a CBS Station
Channels 9, 4, and 8, Los Angeles
KPFK Radio, Los Angeles
Group W, Westinghouse Cable TV / Sierra Madre, Cal..
KCST, International Channel, Los Angeles, California
Voice of America English and Farsi Services
BBC World Service, London
CNN News
Discovery channel
National Geographic
and numerous other newspaper, magazines and online publications such as

Institute of American Indian Arts Museum, Santa Fe, NM
Centre Georges Pompidou / Paris, France
Museum of Contemporary Arts / Tehran, Iran
Various Universities and Educational Galeries in U.S.

for a more complete profile, please search - Nader Khalili

"Hesperia Domes pass Seismic Test... Earth Architecture has made it to the big leagues" Victor Valley Daily Press

"We think this design has the potential of revolutionizing the housing industry! said Hesperia Mayor." Hesperia Resorter

"Look inside the demonstration houses he's built and you see spacious beauty. They meet all building codes, are energy efficient, weathertight, and so solid they passed the most gruelling stress tests. "- CNN World News

"The building was stronger than the testing equipment ."" - (Hesperia building official)
"People are coming from all over the world to Hesperia, California, to learn this simple way of building." - (Hesperia Mayor) - CNN World News

"The buildings are cool in summer and warm in winter, probably the most environmentally friendly homes you'll ever come across..... " - BBC (British Broadcasting Corp.)

"To this visionary architect the earth houses... are the obvious response to 21st century housing shortages, deforestation, the energy crunch and even the physical sickness brought on by the toxic exhalations of modern building materials. " - Orange County Register

" Cutting Edge Housing: In Hesperia Architect Nader Khalili is showing off his sandbag home... Malibu architect Eric Lloyd Wright, after viewing it said it's just the kind of organic architecture his grandfather talked about, and engineering tests show it'll hold up to earthquakes..."- Los Angeles Times

"We haven't had people with this kind of vision since Frank Lloyd Wright died', said Hesperia redevelopment manager...." - Victor Valley Daily Press

"A Hesperia Architect has seen the future of affordable housing." - San Bernadino Sun

"His hope is to create truly low-cost housing in many parts of the world." - AIA Journal : Architecture

"The Excellence in Technology Award, California Council / American Institute ofArchitects, went to him for his work." - Los Angeles Times

"Without this spirit of pioneering no thoroughgoing changes can take place to create anenvironmentally harmonious architecture."- LA Architect

"...Creating a city from the dust under their feet using a variety of earthen construction techniques."- Automated Housing

"Making Bricks without Clay: Sandbags and barbed wire, often the materials of war, havebecome the building blocks of peace at Cal-Earth in Hesperia."- Daily Press

"...a family should be able to walk to a piece of land and build themselves a homewithout timber, steel or concrete. Just the earth alone should suffice."- Ceramic Monthly

"... a vision that could be of considerable value to architecture in development"- Mimar

"His architecture has a quasi-mystic character..."- Centre Georges Pompidou

"It came about because of the sun, because of the wind, because of the earth"- Permaculture Journal

"A revolution in the traditional architecture of Iran..." Museum Contemporary Art, Tehran

"It is cool in the summer, warm in the winter, water-and fireproof, and beautiful."- L.A. Weekly

"Earth Architecture recieves a warm welcome from the third world to outer space."- House and Garden

"Khalili is also at work on prefab ceramic vaults, modular units that can be trucked and linked together easily. And sometimes his vision goes much, much further: he's worked with NASA on scenarios in which the moon's soil could be melted, then, after molding, fused into structures by concentrated rays of the sun."- Mother Jones

"A novel 'magma structure' concept presented by him...proposed melting mounds of lunar soil with focused sunlight to create a pliable material that could be sculptured into facilities the NASA symposium, 'Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century.' "- Aviation Week & Space Tech.

"Khalili's perspective on lunar architecture provides an interesting and thought-provoking contrast to 'orthodox' scenarios."- NASA's Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, editor W.W.Mendell.

"...he draws from thousands of years of traditional architecture in his effort to build modern, affordable, sustainable housing..." - RAN / Turner Foundation - Cut Waste not Trees

"... in Hesperia, the houses were beautiful, well-insulated, structurally rigid, and cost almost nothing to build." - Los Angeles Times